Hair Dye Types: A Complete Guide

Over time if your hair becomes dull, and the colour loses its tone and vibrancy, you may want to refresh your hair with a temporary colour,

Nina Farrauto—Colour and Styling Expert at Garnier and Luis Pacheco—Clairol Colour Consultant.

Hair dyeing is the first thing that comes to mind if you want to change your style or just to update your look and add brightness and novelty to your hair. It is best to consult with a professional at a salon or barber before dyeing your hair so that they can ensure the correct color, texture and method of dyeing.

Because as a hairdresser with many years of experience, I have repeatedly been convinced in practice that the color declared on the package of dye can sometimes differ significantly from the one we received on the client’s hair. The coloring result depends on many factors, such as your age, diet, thickness and degree of damage to the hair. Sometimes even little things like taking certain medications or foods have an impact. Therefore, before making an important decision, discuss with the salon master what shade you want to get, depending on what hair dyeing products are used in this salon – an experienced colorist will find the right tone of hair for you.

In our ultimate hair color guide, I also address the main points that you should pay attention to before dyeing your hair or clarify them with your hairdresser that you can look at if you’re contemplating coloring your hair.

Hair Dye Types

Hair Dye Types: Color Strengths

To begin with, you need to decide how long you are going to change your hair color – whether the color will last for a longer period of time, or you only plan to give a certain shade to your hair. The method of hair dyeing will depend on this. Since not all dyes have the same staying power, it’s crucial to understand the differences.
Temporary Hair Color Temporary hair coloring, also known as wash-out hair dye, just covers the exterior of the hair shaft, so the effects aren’t long-lasting. This ensures that when you brush your hair again, the new color will wash out and your hair will revert to its normal color, encouraging you to try out a new hair color without making a big commitment. However, you should be aware that burned hair dyed with temporary hair color will become faded over time if used often.
Semi-Permanent Dye If you want to take your temporary hair color a step further, semi-permanent hair color is the way to go. These dyes are usually free of ammonia and don’t need to be processed. This is a preferable choice because the color that is semi-permanent usually lasts for eight washes.
For these reasons, whenever you know you won’t be able to go to the salon right away, an at-home semi-permanent dye may be a perfect choice for gray hair treatment.
Semi-permanent dye has a number of advantages, including the ability to apply shine and polish to dull-looking hair, the ability to be used when growing out the permanent color, and the ability to have temporary root touch-ups.
Demi-Permanent Dye This kind of hair dye is similar to semi-permanent hair dye in that it isn’t permanent and doesn’t contain ammonia, although there are a few main variations.
Demi-permanent hair dye, unlike semi-permanent dye, is combined with a developer, allowing it to absorb rather than only cover the hair shaft. This means demi-permanent dye lasts up to 24 shampoos better than the other styles of hair color we’ve discussed so far.
Permanent Hair Color Permanent hair dye is definitely the best choice for you if you choose to stick to one hair color for a long time. This dye necessitates a more complicated chemical reaction that can infiltrate the hair deeper. This ensures that the shade will last vibrant for weeks without fading.
Permanent hair color can lighten, darken, or tone your hair, as well as have high gray hair coverage.
Permanent hair dye, despite its long-term advantages, would inevitably need to be reapplied due to new hair production. You will also need to progressively dye your hair to achieve the ideal look, based on your base color and the look you want to achieve.

Still, there exists alternetive Hair Colourants Classification from pharmacy cosmetics, it include the following hair colourants:

  1. Temporary hair colourants
  2. Semi-permanent hair colourants/Direct dye
  3. Oxidative dyeing systems: Semi-permanent hair colourants and Permanent hair colourants.
  4. Gradual hair colourants (metal salts)
  5. Natural dyes (botanical plants)

As you can see, the first three items on this list match the table above, and we’ll talk about the last two components a little later.

Explaining the Different Types of Hair Color | ChromaCrowns

Hair Dye Types: Types of contents

Color-building chemicals can be used in semi-permanent hair dyes, but they’re most often used in permanent hair dyes. Several essential ingredients can be found in a generic tube of oxidative hair dye.
Base Cream In most cases, the base cream is an electrolyte of an oil and a water element. Hair dyes commonly use two kinds of emulsions: oil-in-water emulsions with the water component at the external phase and water-in-oil emulsions with the oil component at the outer phase.
Color Precursors Color precursors are small, colorless molecules that can enter the hair and aid in the formation of larger color molecules.
Caring Agents It can be difficult to incorporate caring agents into a permanent hair color with a high pH value. This is due to the fact that most conventional caring ingredients are inactive at this pH, but certain polymeric or caring ingredients, as well as caring ingredients extracted from silicone, can be effectively added in formulations.
Dyestuffs Dyestuffs are color molecules that have already been created. These are mostly used in semi-permanent hair colors and certain permanent dyes to have a vibrant reaction to hair color.
Antioxidants Antioxidants tend to avoid color precursors from pre-oxidizing during storage in a tube of hair cream. A common reducing agent is sodium sulfite, also known as sodium dithionite. Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is an antioxidant.
Alkalizing Agent The alkalizing agent is able to open the hair’s cuticle layer, allowing ingredients such as color precursors to penetrate.

Video Review: How Does Hair Dye Work?

Hair Dye Products: Are They Safe?

Hair dyes may have negative health consequences even when used as a guide. Hair dye product safety depends on the product components, how often you color and the color you choose. Hair dyes contain up to 25 different ingredients that can cause skin irritation. The primary intermediate PPD is one of the major culprits. When it comes into contact with the skin, it can cause inflammation such as redness, sores, swelling, and burning. Even your genetic makeup affects toxicity, experts say.
Various organizations that study the effects of cosmetic products on the health of consumers note that hair dyes may contain carcinogenic properties. According to the National Cancer Institute, there are more than 5,000 chemicals in hair dye. In 2004, the Environmental Working Group (EWG), a non-profit research and advocacy agency, analyzed 117 hair care dyes and found that about 80 contained chemicals that could pose a cancer risk, a detailed review on the EWG website:

Safety Tips

Check the Ingredients Check the ingredients in products labeled “natural” or “organic” twice. Ingredients like p-phenylenediamine, ethanolamine, resorcinol, and others linked to harmful health effects are also present in some of them.
Bring your Own Color You are welcome to bring your own color to the salon. Ask your stylist if she can add your own color if you want the consistency of salon-colored hair but want to improve your color.
Always Use Gloves To reduce the skin toxicity of hair dye, gloves must be worn. Many studies have looked into the use of gloves to mitigate skin reactions from hair dyes, especially those containing PPD. Nitrile gloves easily outperform natural rubber latex, polyethylene, and vinyl gloves.
Don’t Dye Your Eyebrows or Eyelids Even in beauty salons, the FDA prohibits the use of hair dyes for eyelash and eyebrow tinting or dyeing. A dye allergy may cause swelling or raise the risk of infection near or in your eyes.
Test for Allergic Reaction Before putting the dye in your hair, make sure you do a patch test and see if you’re allergic to it. Almost every hair dye substance comes with instructions for performing a patch examination. This test should be performed any time you dye your hair. Before dying your hair, make sure your hairdresser does a patch inspection.


Color Chart

A hair color chart is a useful tool for deciding which of the various colors to use for those trying to improve or alter their hair color completely. A hair color chart depicts colors ranging from white to black, making it easy to locate a color within a specific spectrum and its potential presence on hair strands.

Hair Color Levels

Begin by determining your base color, also known as color level, while making your new perfect look. Since hair experts advise against going more than two shades lighter or darker in a single session, stay within four shades of your current core.

Hair Color Tones

Although the level is written first on the box, the tone number, which is normally divided by a dot or dash, is the next thing to look for. However, some manufacturers use letters to encrypt their hair colors, making deciphering a little more difficult. In either case, the coding indicates whether the primary color would have a cool or warm hue.

Different Color Chart

While not all of the hair colors are mentioned, there are enough to demonstrate the range of items available. Many of the hair colors seem to be the same, but each chart has a different label.

L’Oreal Feria

The L’Oreal Feria line demonstrates how vibrant and rich hair color can be, and sunflower blonde, which has a warm hue that’s perfect for summer, and crushed garnet, which has a warmer tone, are two of the greatest shades in the collection.

L'Oreal Feria

Clairol’s Perfect 10

Clairol’s Perfect 10 line exhibits a wide range of hair colors, particularly in blonde and brown shades. Beautiful colors include bright ash blonde, light golden tan, and moderate reddish blonde.

Clairol's Perfect 10

Garnier Nutrisse

With a few exclusive options, the Garnier Nutrisse hair color line provides 38 shades in cold, neutral, and warm tones. True red pomegranate, light reddish-brown, and rich burgundy are some of the hair color chart’s standout shades.

Garnier Nutrisse

Hair Color Theory 101 | Discover Kenra Color | Kenra Professional


Which type of hair dye is best?

Professional hair color is not the same as drugstore hair color. Color from the drugstore is abrasive, and it will never last as long as you want it to—or as long as it can. Colors don’t really seem to be true to life. So, Professional Hair Dye is the best choice for you.
According to professionals, the best at-home hair dyes to renew your look are:
Garnier Olia Hair Color permanent hair color.
● Excellence Creme Hair Color by L’Oréal Paris.
● Natural Instincts Semi-Permanent Hair Color by Clairol.
● Colorcharm Liquid Hair Color by Wella.
Clairol Root Touch-Up, Nice’n Easy.

What are Metal Salts and Compounds?

Metal Salt Dyes usually consist of a solution of iron salt with thiosulfate. Metal salt coloring is called progressive coloring, because each subsequent application increases the coverage of the hair, and gradually darkens. These mineral colors tend to fade into harsh colors. Those containing lead turn red. Colors that contain silver turn green, and those that contain copper turn red.

Natural Dyeing: How can I color my hair naturally?

You can dye your hair in a number of styles, including at a salon, at home with a box, or with a temporary color spray. Traditional hair dyes, on the other hand, can contain potentially harmful chemicals such as ammonia or parabens. Natural hair dyes, which also use materials you already have on hand, are one way to eliminate these toxins.
Some of these ingredients are:
● Henna
● Chamomile
● Sage
● Green Tea
● Coffee
● Beet juice
● Carrot juice
● Lemon juice

What is the safest Hair Dye Brand?

When it comes to hair color, the word “natural” is far from universal. It can mean a variety of things, like that the formulation uses less-irritating chemicals instead of stronger ones (like ammonia), that it’s eco-friendly, or that it includes plant-derived ingredients.

If you know where to look, there are lots of hair dye formulations that are higher on the natural side of the scale and therefore safer for your skin, the environment, and less likely to cause inflammation or an allergic reaction.
Some of these safest hair dye brands are:
Schwarzkopf Simply Color Permanent Hair Color
Madison Reed Radiant Hair Color Kit
L’Oreal Paris Magic Root Cover Up
Christopher Robin Temporary Color Gel
Clairol Natural Instincts Semi-Permanent Hair Color
Manic Panic Amplified Semi-Permanent Hair Color
Naturtint Permanent Hair Color

How can I darken my hair without dying it?

Coffee is a simple way to darken your hair. This approach is fairly straightforward, and you can see results fairly quickly. Your hair should be stained by the coffee. This just darkens the hair a few shades, but if you want to make a significant difference, you’ll need to replicate the process many times. Coffee can be used to darken hair of any color. Other ingredients you can use are; black tea, walnuts, cocoa, mustard seed oil, and sage.

How can I cover GREY hair?

To simplify, there are two styles of color that the colorist may use to mask gray hair:

  • demi-permanent and
  • permanent.

Try using a demi-permanent color, such as Color Touch, if you have a lower amount of greys or want a low-maintenance performance. This will offer you 50-70 percent grey coverage and will stain “salt&pepper” roots before eventually disappearing, leaving no demarcation line.

Probability Comparison: Hair Color